Here’s Where Pressured Bucks Spend the Most Time

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Studies have shown bucks spend up to 50% of their time during hunting season in areas with no human disturbance. The takeaway? You need a sanctuary

We all need a sanctuary, a place where we feel safe and comfortable hanging out, sometimes alone and sometimes with a few friends. A refuge we can come home to and flop into bed after dinner, or a long night out on the town.

Old bucks need those shelters too. 

Bucks spend most of their time in gnarly areas with no human intrusion. No big surprise there, right? Image by Russell Graves

Sanctuary Defined

It’s the major bedding and security cover for the deer that live on or travel through your property. There are smaller satellite covers dotted around the woods that bucks use frequently, but here we’re talking about the main safe zone.

In a Maryland study, researchers found that GPS-collared bucks were drawn like a magnet to a greenbrier-and-thorn copse that was basically impenetrable to humans. “The only way you can get in is to find a deer trail and get on your hands and knees and go in there,” said Dr. Mark Conner, who led the study.

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In the same project, the researchers found that another cover preferred by deer was a designated waterfowl sanctuary around ponds and marshes. “It’s almost the opposite of the other sanctuary,” said Conner. “It’s very open, but like the (thicker) one, there is no human disturbance.”

Conner and his team noted that the two areas were not only sanctuaries but also core areas where multiple bucks spent 50 percent of their time during the hunting season. Because there’s no human disturbance. 

How Big? 

Size doesn’t really matter. Whether you hunt 800 acres or 100, scout out the thickest, roughest, most inhospitable spot and designate it as the sanctuary. That might be 200 nasty acres of an 800-acre forest, or a 20-acre rose thicket on 100 acres. 

Ideally, your sanctuary will be located in or near the center of your land. As bucks travel to and from it on trails and in funnels from all points on the compass, you’ll have many options for treestands and blinds on different winds. Also, the deeper into your property the cover, the farther it draws deer in from your neighbor’s lands.

Food Factor

You can have the best security cover for miles, but if there is not quality feed nearby, deer will not stay there long or consistently. Crop fields in the vicinity are best, along with mixed hardwoods and mast. If food is scarce within a mile of your sanctuary, plan to put in some food plots next spring if you can. 

Capitalizing on a Sanctuary

Once you designate a cover as a buck sanctuary, never step a boot inside it. No scouting, no shed-hunting, no human disturbance. But if you’re smart, you’ll bowhunt the fringes of it. 

Good access from downwind is critical, so use a steep creek, old logging road or the like to sneak in and hang stands. The cover and topography are different on every property. You might be able to close to within 60 yards of a sanctuary, or a stand in a rub-laced funnel 120 yards out might be safer and better. Use your gut to decide.

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Right now, in early October, I love to hunt the edges of a sanctuary where acorns fall, or where I’ve planted a narrow strip of green clover. Deer use the edges heavily when moving from bed to feed.

As the rut approaches, bucks cruise the edges, checking does as they go in and out of the bedding area. When bucks rut, you can push your setup closer to the cover, but only when the wind is perfect.
 
If you see an old buck cruising the fringes, and especially if he’s heading into the cover, eight times out of 10 he’ll circle downwind a ways and sniff for does and danger before he steps inside the bedroom. Work that into your setup.

Later, once gun season opens, you must post on a vantage that overlooks a main funnel into your sanctuary. When the rifles crack on neighboring lands, bucks will come to the safe haven you’ve left undisturbed on your side of the fence. Depending on the size and lay of the land, it might take a good buck two or three days to get there, but he will come. Keep watching.