Turkey Hunting Nation

Alabama

B

Turkey Population 300,000-400,000

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Arizona

C

Turkey Population 25,000 (Merriam's), 1,500 (Gould's) and 500 (Rio Grandes)

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Arkansas

C

Turkey Population -100,000

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California

B

Turkey Population 240,000

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Colorado

B

Turkey Population 30,000-35,000

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Connecticut

C

Turkey Population N/A

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Delaware

C

Turkey Population 6,000

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Florida

B

Turkey Population 100,000

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Georgia

B

Turkey Population 250,000-300,000

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Hawaii

B

Turkey Population (Population Unknown)

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Idaho

B

Turkey Population 30,000

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Illinois

C

Turkey Population N/A

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Indiana

C

Turkey Population 120,000

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Iowa

B

Turkey Population 120,000

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Kansas

B

Turkey Population 300,000

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Kentucky

A

Turkey Population 250,000-400,000

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Louisiana

C

Turkey Population 40,000

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Maine

B

Turkey Population 70,000

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Maryland

C

Turkey Population 40,000

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Massachusetts

C

Turkey Population 30,000-35,000

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Michigan

B

Turkey Population 200,000 plus

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Minnesota

C

Turkey Population 70,000

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Mississippi

B

Turkey Population 225,000

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Missouri

B

Turkey Population 350,000

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Montana

B

Turkey Population 120,000

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Nebraska

A

Turkey Population 145,000

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Nevada

C

Turkey Population 1,200

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New Hampshire

B

Turkey Population 50,000

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New Jersey

C

Turkey Population 20,000-23,000

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New Mexico

B

Turkey Population 15,000-20,000

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New York

B

Turkey Population 160,000-180,000 (estimate)

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North Carolina

B

Turkey Population 270,000

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North Dakota

C

Turkey Population 22,000

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Ohio

B

Turkey Population 150,000

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Oklahoma

B

Turkey Population 93,532 (NWTF data)

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Oregon

B

Turkey Population 40,000

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Pennsylvania

B

Turkey Population 170,000

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Rhode Island

C

Turkey Population 4,000-5,000

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South Carolina

B

Turkey Population 100,000

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South Dakota

B

Turkey Population 50,000

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Tennessee

B

Turkey Population 270,000

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Texas

B

Turkey Population 500,000

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Utah

C

Turkey Population 25,000-35,000

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Vermont

B

Turkey Population 45,000+

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Virginia

B

Turkey Population 170,000-190,000

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Washington

B

Turkey Population 28,000

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West Virginia

B

Turkey Population 101,340

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Wisconsin

A

Turkey Population 350,000

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Wyoming

B

Turkey Population 15,000

DETAILS

The Turkey Hunting Nation grade was determined the old-fashioned way: subjectively. Our experts looked at turkey populations, hunter numbers, bag limits, the ease and cost of getting a license, the amount of public land available and other factors when evaluating each state.
Grades:  
A
B
C
D
F
  State Not Yet Published

State Grade Population Subspecies Licenses Sold
Alabama
B
300,000-400,000 Eastern 609,156
Arizona
C
25,000 (Merriam's), 1,500 (Gould's) and 500 (Rio Grandes) Merriam's, Gould's and Rio Grande 200,097
Arkansas
C
-100,000 Easterns 107,131
California
B
240,000 Rios, Merriam's and Easterns 34,969
Colorado
B
30,000-35,000 Merriam's and Rio Grandes 16,000 (turkey)
Connecticut
C
N/A Easterns N/A
Delaware
C
6,000 Easterns 16,291
Florida
B
100,000 Osceola estimate; Easterns live in the Panhandle; also some hybrids 73,000
Georgia
B
250,000-300,000 Eastern 45,000
Hawaii
B
(Population Unknown) Rio Grande Unavailable
Idaho
B
30,000 Merriam’s; some Rios; hybrids 6,000 (turkey)
Illinois
C
N/A Easterns 297,243
Indiana
C
120,000 Easterns 253,611
Iowa
B
120,000 Easterns 200,000
Kansas
B
300,000 Eastern, Rios and hybrids 50,000 (estimated)
Kentucky
A
250,000-400,000 334,342
Louisiana
C
40,000 Easterns 370,528 (20,000 turkey hunters)
Maine
B
70,000 Easterns 12,750 (turkey permits)
Maryland
C
40,000 Easterns 119,202
Massachusetts
C
30,000-35,000 Easterns 58,000 (estimated)
Michigan
B
200,000 plus Easterns 616,278
Minnesota
C
70,000 Easterns 58,084
Mississippi
B
225,000 Easterns 40,000
Missouri
B
350,000 Easterns 486,025
Montana
B
120,000 Merriam’s, some Easterns, hybrids 25,193 (turkey)
Nebraska
A
145,000 Merriam's, Rios, Easterns, hybrids 40,000 (estimated)
Nevada
C
1,200 Rio Grande and Merriam's N/A
New Hampshire
B
50,000 Easterns 20,000 (estimated turkey permits)
New Jersey
C
20,000-23,000 Easterns 12,000 (estimated turkey permits)
New Mexico
B
15,000-20,000 Merriam's, Rio Grandes, Gould's and Hybrids 97,103
New York
B
160,000-180,000 (estimate) Easterns 152,765 resident turkey permits; 8,033 nonresident
North Carolina
B
270,000 Easterns 322,044
North Dakota
C
22,000 Merriam's, Easterns, hybrids 5,930 (state residents; spring turkey)
Ohio
B
150,000 Easterns 361,119
Oklahoma
B
93,532 (NWTF data) Rio Grandes, Easterns, Hybrids and Merriam's 419,445
Oregon
B
40,000 Rio Grande; some Merriam’s and hybrids 13,000 (turkey)
Pennsylvania
B
170,000 Easterns 930,815
Rhode Island
C
4,000-5,000 Easterns 2,111 (turkey permits)
South Carolina
B
100,000 Easterns 181,820
South Dakota
B
50,000 Merriam's, Easterns, hybrids 16,000
Tennessee
B
270,000 Easterns 603,995
Texas
B
500,000 Rios and Easterns "Over one million" (TPWD)
Utah
C
25,000-35,000 Rio Grandes, Merriam's plus hybrids 249,765
Vermont
B
45,000+ Easterns 17,000+ (turkey)
Virginia
B
170,000-190,000 Easterns 277,281
Washington
B
28,000 Merriam’s, Rio Grandes, and Easterns 20,000
West Virginia
B
101,340 Easterns 210,101
Wisconsin
A
350,000 Easterns 230,000 (estimated)
Wyoming
B
15,000 Merriam’s, Rio Grande, hybrids of both 5,500

Alabama

B

Population: 300,000-400,000
Licenses: 609,156

Subspecies: Eastern

Arizona

C

Population: 25,000 (Merriam's), 1,500 (Gould's) and 500 (Rio Grandes)
Licenses: 200,097

Subspecies: Merriam's, Gould's and Rio Grande

Arkansas

C

Population: -100,000
Licenses: 107,131

Subspecies: Easterns

California

B

Population: 240,000
Licenses: 34,969

Subspecies: Rios, Merriam's and Easterns

Colorado

B

Population: 30,000-35,000
Licenses: 16,000 (turkey)

Subspecies: Merriam's and Rio Grandes

Connecticut

C

Population: N/A
Licenses: N/A

Subspecies: Easterns

Delaware

C

Population: 6,000
Licenses: 16,291

Subspecies: Easterns

Florida

B

Population: 100,000
Licenses: 73,000

Subspecies: Osceola estimate; Easterns live in the Panhandle; also some hybrids

Georgia

B

Population: 250,000-300,000
Licenses: 45,000

Subspecies: Eastern

Hawaii

B

Population: (Population Unknown)
Licenses: Unavailable

Subspecies: Rio Grande

Idaho

B

Population: 30,000
Licenses: 6,000 (turkey)

Subspecies: Merriam’s; some Rios; hybrids

Illinois

C

Population: N/A
Licenses: 297,243

Subspecies: Easterns

Indiana

C

Population: 120,000
Licenses: 253,611

Subspecies: Easterns

Iowa

B

Population: 120,000
Licenses: 200,000

Subspecies: Easterns

Kansas

B

Population: 300,000
Licenses: 50,000 (estimated)

Subspecies: Eastern, Rios and hybrids

Kentucky

A

Population: 250,000-400,000
Licenses: 334,342

Louisiana

C

Population: 40,000
Licenses: 370,528 (20,000 turkey hunters)

Subspecies: Easterns

Maine

B

Population: 70,000
Licenses: 12,750 (turkey permits)

Subspecies: Easterns

Maryland

C

Population: 40,000
Licenses: 119,202

Subspecies: Easterns

Massachusetts

C

Population: 30,000-35,000
Licenses: 58,000 (estimated)

Subspecies: Easterns

Michigan

B

Population: 200,000 plus
Licenses: 616,278

Subspecies: Easterns

Minnesota

C

Population: 70,000
Licenses: 58,084

Subspecies: Easterns

Mississippi

B

Population: 225,000
Licenses: 40,000

Subspecies: Easterns

Missouri

B

Population: 350,000
Licenses: 486,025

Subspecies: Easterns

Montana

B

Population: 120,000
Licenses: 25,193 (turkey)

Subspecies: Merriam’s, some Easterns, hybrids

Nebraska

A

Population: 145,000
Licenses: 40,000 (estimated)

Subspecies: Merriam's, Rios, Easterns, hybrids

Nevada

C

Population: 1,200
Licenses: N/A

Subspecies: Rio Grande and Merriam's

New Hampshire

B

Population: 50,000
Licenses: 20,000 (estimated turkey permits)

Subspecies: Easterns

New Jersey

C

Population: 20,000-23,000
Licenses: 12,000 (estimated turkey permits)

Subspecies: Easterns

New Mexico

B

Population: 15,000-20,000
Licenses: 97,103

Subspecies: Merriam's, Rio Grandes, Gould's and Hybrids

New York

B

Population: 160,000-180,000 (estimate)
Licenses: 152,765 resident turkey permits; 8,033 nonresident

Subspecies: Easterns

North Carolina

B

Population: 270,000
Licenses: 322,044

Subspecies: Easterns

North Dakota

C

Population: 22,000
Licenses: 5,930 (state residents; spring turkey)

Subspecies: Merriam's, Easterns, hybrids

Ohio

B

Population: 150,000
Licenses: 361,119

Subspecies: Easterns

Oklahoma

B

Population: 93,532 (NWTF data)
Licenses: 419,445

Subspecies: Rio Grandes, Easterns, Hybrids and Merriam's

Oregon

B

Population: 40,000
Licenses: 13,000 (turkey)

Subspecies: Rio Grande; some Merriam’s and hybrids

Pennsylvania

B

Population: 170,000
Licenses: 930,815

Subspecies: Easterns

Rhode Island

C

Population: 4,000-5,000
Licenses: 2,111 (turkey permits)

Subspecies: Easterns

South Carolina

B

Population: 100,000
Licenses: 181,820

Subspecies: Easterns

South Dakota

B

Population: 50,000
Licenses: 16,000

Subspecies: Merriam's, Easterns, hybrids

Tennessee

B

Population: 270,000
Licenses: 603,995

Subspecies: Easterns

Texas

B

Population: 500,000
Licenses: "Over one million" (TPWD)

Subspecies: Rios and Easterns

Utah

C

Population: 25,000-35,000
Licenses: 249,765

Subspecies: Rio Grandes, Merriam's plus hybrids

Vermont

B

Population: 45,000+
Licenses: 17,000+ (turkey)

Subspecies: Easterns

Virginia

B

Population: 170,000-190,000
Licenses: 277,281

Subspecies: Easterns

Washington

B

Population: 28,000
Licenses: 20,000

Subspecies: Merriam’s, Rio Grandes, and Easterns

West Virginia

B

Population: 101,340
Licenses: 210,101

Subspecies: Easterns

Wisconsin

A

Population: 350,000
Licenses: 230,000 (estimated)

Subspecies: Easterns

Wyoming

B

Population: 15,000
Licenses: 5,500

Subspecies: Merriam’s, Rio Grande, hybrids of both