Turkey Hunting Nation

Alabama

A

Turkey Population 400,000-500,000 (estimates vary)

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Arizona

C

Turkey Population 36,000

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Arkansas

C

Turkey Population 130,000 to 140,000

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California

B

Turkey Population 240,000

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Colorado

B

Turkey Population 30,500

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Connecticut

B

Turkey Population 35,000

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Delaware

D

Turkey Population 6,000

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Florida

B

Turkey Population 100,000

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Georgia

B

Turkey Population 335,000

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Hawaii

B

Turkey Population (Population Unknown)

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Idaho

B

Turkey Population 30,000

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Illinois

C

Turkey Population 103,153

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Indiana

C

Turkey Population 110,000

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Iowa

B

Turkey Population 150,000

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Kansas

A

Turkey Population 300,000

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Kentucky

A

Turkey Population 220,000 Eastern

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Louisiana

D

Turkey Population 60,000

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Maine

B

Turkey Population 60,000

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Maryland

C

Turkey Population 33,000

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Massachusetts

C

Turkey Population 30,000

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Michigan

B

Turkey Population 200,000

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Minnesota

C

Turkey Population 85,000

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Mississippi

B

Turkey Population 225,000

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Missouri

B

Turkey Population 317,000

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Montana

B

Turkey Population 120,000

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Nebraska

A

Turkey Population 145,000

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Nevada

D

Turkey Population 1,200

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New Hampshire

A

Turkey Population 40,000

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New Jersey

C

Turkey Population 23,000

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New Mexico

B

Turkey Population 14,458 Merriam's; Rio, Gould's and hybrid numbers unavailable

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New York

B

Turkey Population 160,000-180,000 (estimate)

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North Carolina

B

Turkey Population 260,000

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North Dakota

D

Turkey Population 22,000

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Ohio

B

Turkey Population 165,000

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Oklahoma

B

Turkey Population 135,000

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Oregon

B

Turkey Population 40,000

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Pennsylvania

B

Turkey Population 220,000

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Rhode Island

D

Turkey Population 3,000

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South Carolina

B

Turkey Population 120,000

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South Dakota

B

Turkey Population 50,000

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Tennessee

A

Turkey Population 248,748

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Texas

B

Turkey Population 500,000

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Utah

C

Turkey Population 23,000

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Vermont

B

Turkey Population 30,000-50,000

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Virginia

B

Turkey Population 175,000

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Washington

A

Turkey Population 28,000

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West Virginia

C

Turkey Population 90,000

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Wisconsin

A

Turkey Population 350,000

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Wyoming

B

Turkey Population 15,000

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The Turkey Hunting Nation grade was determined the old-fashioned way: subjectively. Our experts looked at turkey populations, hunter numbers, bag limits, the ease and cost of getting a license, the amount of public land available and other factors when evaluating each state.
Grades:  
A
B
C
D
F
  State Not Yet Published

State Grade Population Subspecies Licenses Sold
Alabama
A
400,000-500,000 (estimates vary) Eastern 609,156
Arizona
C
36,000 Merriam's, Gould's and Rio Grande 200,097
Arkansas
C
130,000 to 140,000 Easterns 107,131
California
B
240,000 Rios, Merriam's and Easterns 834,739
Colorado
B
30,500 Merriam's and Rio Grandes 281,201
Connecticut
B
35,000 Easterns 8,615
Delaware
D
6,000 Easterns 16,786
Florida
B
100,000 Osceola estimate; Easterns live in the Panhandle; also some hybrids 73,000
Georgia
B
335,000 Eastern 45,000
Hawaii
B
(Population Unknown) Rio Grande Unavailable
Idaho
B
30,000 Merriam's; some Rios; hybrids 6,000 (turkey)
Illinois
C
103,153 Easterns 55,780
Indiana
C
110,000 Easterns 278,322
Iowa
B
150,000 Easterns 219,798
Kansas
A
300,000 Eastern, Rios and hybrids 50,000 (estimated)
Kentucky
A
220,000 Eastern 87,000
Louisiana
D
60,000 Easterns 370,528
Maine
B
60,000 Easterns 12,750 (turkey permits)
Maryland
C
33,000 Easterns 118,000
Massachusetts
C
30,000 Easterns 85,000 (estimated)
Michigan
B
200,000 Easterns 763,618
Minnesota
C
85,000 Easterns 40,000 (turkey)
Mississippi
B
225,000 Easterns 40,000
Missouri
B
317,000 Easterns 496,583
Montana
B
120,000 Merriam's 25,193 (turkey)
Nebraska
A
145,000 Merriam's, Rios, Easterns and Hybrids 40,000 (estimated)
Nevada
D
1,200 Rio Grande 65,606
New Hampshire
A
40,000 Easterns 20,000 (estimated turkey permits)
New Jersey
C
23,000 Easterns 12,000 (estimated turkey permits)
New Mexico
B
14,458 Merriam's; Rio, Gould's and hybrid numbers unavailable Merriam's, Rio Grandes, Gould's and Hybrids 97,103
New York
B
160,000-180,000 (estimate) Easterns 89,000 (turkey permits)
North Carolina
B
260,000 Easterns 57,000
North Dakota
D
22,000 Hybrids; Merriam's and Easterns 5,930 (state residents; turkey)
Ohio
B
165,000 Easterns 404,997
Oklahoma
B
135,000 Rio Grandes, Easterns, Hybrids and Merriam's 419,445
Oregon
B
40,000 Rio Grande; some Merriam's and hybrids 13,000 (turkey)
Pennsylvania
B
220,000 Easterns 935,146
Rhode Island
D
3,000 Easterns 1,130 (turkey permits)
South Carolina
B
120,000 Easterns 40,000
South Dakota
B
50,000 Merriam's, Rio Grandes, Easterns; some Hybrids 16,000
Tennessee
A
248,748 Easterns 120,000
Texas
B
500,000 Rios and Easterns 41,554
Utah
C
23,000 Rio Grandes, Merriam's plus Hybrids 207,331
Vermont
B
30,000-50,000 Easterns 17,886 (turkey)
Virginia
B
175,000 Easterns 220,000
Washington
A
28,000 Merriam's, Rio Grandes and Easterns 20,000
West Virginia
C
90,000 Easterns 64,000 (estimated turkey hunters)
Wisconsin
A
350,000 Easterns 230,000 (estimated)
Wyoming
B
15,000 Merriam's, Rio Grande, hybrids of both 5,500

Alabama

A

Population: 400,000-500,000 (estimates vary)
Licenses: 609,156

Subspecies: Eastern

Arizona

C

Population: 36,000
Licenses: 200,097

Subspecies: Merriam's, Gould's and Rio Grande

Arkansas

C

Population: 130,000 to 140,000
Licenses: 107,131

Subspecies: Easterns

California

B

Population: 240,000
Licenses: 834,739

Subspecies: Rios, Merriam's and Easterns

Colorado

B

Population: 30,500
Licenses: 281,201

Subspecies: Merriam's and Rio Grandes

Connecticut

B

Population: 35,000
Licenses: 8,615

Subspecies: Easterns

Delaware

D

Population: 6,000
Licenses: 16,786

Subspecies: Easterns

Florida

B

Population: 100,000
Licenses: 73,000

Subspecies: Osceola estimate; Easterns live in the Panhandle; also some hybrids

Georgia

B

Population: 335,000
Licenses: 45,000

Subspecies: Eastern

Hawaii

B

Population: (Population Unknown)
Licenses: Unavailable

Subspecies: Rio Grande

Idaho

B

Population: 30,000
Licenses: 6,000 (turkey)

Subspecies: Merriam's; some Rios; hybrids

Illinois

C

Population: 103,153
Licenses: 55,780

Subspecies: Easterns

Indiana

C

Population: 110,000
Licenses: 278,322

Subspecies: Easterns

Iowa

B

Population: 150,000
Licenses: 219,798

Subspecies: Easterns

Kansas

A

Population: 300,000
Licenses: 50,000 (estimated)

Subspecies: Eastern, Rios and hybrids

Kentucky

A

Population: 220,000 Eastern
Licenses: 87,000

Louisiana

D

Population: 60,000
Licenses: 370,528

Subspecies: Easterns

Maine

B

Population: 60,000
Licenses: 12,750 (turkey permits)

Subspecies: Easterns

Maryland

C

Population: 33,000
Licenses: 118,000

Subspecies: Easterns

Massachusetts

C

Population: 30,000
Licenses: 85,000 (estimated)

Subspecies: Easterns

Michigan

B

Population: 200,000
Licenses: 763,618

Subspecies: Easterns

Minnesota

C

Population: 85,000
Licenses: 40,000 (turkey)

Subspecies: Easterns

Mississippi

B

Population: 225,000
Licenses: 40,000

Subspecies: Easterns

Missouri

B

Population: 317,000
Licenses: 496,583

Subspecies: Easterns

Montana

B

Population: 120,000
Licenses: 25,193 (turkey)

Subspecies: Merriam's

Nebraska

A

Population: 145,000
Licenses: 40,000 (estimated)

Subspecies: Merriam's, Rios, Easterns and Hybrids

Nevada

D

Population: 1,200
Licenses: 65,606

Subspecies: Rio Grande

New Hampshire

A

Population: 40,000
Licenses: 20,000 (estimated turkey permits)

Subspecies: Easterns

New Jersey

C

Population: 23,000
Licenses: 12,000 (estimated turkey permits)

Subspecies: Easterns

New Mexico

B

Population: 14,458 Merriam's; Rio, Gould's and hybrid numbers unavailable
Licenses: 97,103

Subspecies: Merriam's, Rio Grandes, Gould's and Hybrids

New York

B

Population: 160,000-180,000 (estimate)
Licenses: 89,000 (turkey permits)

Subspecies: Easterns

North Carolina

B

Population: 260,000
Licenses: 57,000

Subspecies: Easterns

North Dakota

D

Population: 22,000
Licenses: 5,930 (state residents; turkey)

Subspecies: Hybrids; Merriam's and Easterns

Ohio

B

Population: 165,000
Licenses: 404,997

Subspecies: Easterns

Oklahoma

B

Population: 135,000
Licenses: 419,445

Subspecies: Rio Grandes, Easterns, Hybrids and Merriam's

Oregon

B

Population: 40,000
Licenses: 13,000 (turkey)

Subspecies: Rio Grande; some Merriam's and hybrids

Pennsylvania

B

Population: 220,000
Licenses: 935,146

Subspecies: Easterns

Rhode Island

D

Population: 3,000
Licenses: 1,130 (turkey permits)

Subspecies: Easterns

South Carolina

B

Population: 120,000
Licenses: 40,000

Subspecies: Easterns

South Dakota

B

Population: 50,000
Licenses: 16,000

Subspecies: Merriam's, Rio Grandes, Easterns; some Hybrids

Tennessee

A

Population: 248,748
Licenses: 120,000

Subspecies: Easterns

Texas

B

Population: 500,000
Licenses: 41,554

Subspecies: Rios and Easterns

Utah

C

Population: 23,000
Licenses: 207,331

Subspecies: Rio Grandes, Merriam's plus Hybrids

Vermont

B

Population: 30,000-50,000
Licenses: 17,886 (turkey)

Subspecies: Easterns

Virginia

B

Population: 175,000
Licenses: 220,000

Subspecies: Easterns

Washington

A

Population: 28,000
Licenses: 20,000

Subspecies: Merriam's, Rio Grandes and Easterns

West Virginia

C

Population: 90,000
Licenses: 64,000 (estimated turkey hunters)

Subspecies: Easterns

Wisconsin

A

Population: 350,000
Licenses: 230,000 (estimated)

Subspecies: Easterns

Wyoming

B

Population: 15,000
Licenses: 5,500

Subspecies: Merriam's, Rio Grande, hybrids of both